Bladder dysfunction is anumbrella term for voiding dysfunction. Bladder dysfunction encompassesoveractive bladder, urinary incontinence, obstructions of urinary tract andneurological conditions affecting urination.
Bladder dysfunction mayaffect both men and women of all ages. It is also seen in children and theincontinence in children is commonly termed as bedwetting.
Bladder dysfunction iscaused due to impaired contractions of bladder wall and pelvic muscles,inappropriate sphincter activity, neurological impairment or disorders such asmultiple sclerosis and certain medications.
Individuals with bladderdysfunction may have strong and sudden urge to urinate, frequent urination,involuntary loss of urine, difficulty and painful urination, decreased force ofurine stream, incomplete bladder emptying and recurrent urinary tractinfections.
Physicians diagnose yourcondition by performing pelvic or rectal exam, neurological tests, urine andblood analysis, pelvic floor electromyography, urodynamics, fluoroscopicimaging, ultrasound and computerized tomographic scans.
Based on the cause andseverity the condition may be treated with certain medications, Botoxinjection, behavioural therapy, electrical stimulation & neuromodulation,psychotherapy and surgical treatment using artificial urinary sphincters andslings.